Ageing of the electric vehicle

Most readers will be aware of the degradation effects of ageing in electric vehicles with lithium-ion batteries, which are primarily related to the crystal structure and chemistry of the electrodes. It’s a result of the inevitable charge/recharge cycle, how many times this takes place, and the rate of charge and discharge. The effects of extreme […]

Precision spray painting technology

Electrostatic airless rotary atomisers were developed for use in car painting in the 1980s and ‘90s, primarily for their economic use of paint, where 90% of the paint can be applied directly onto the bodywork, improving greatly on earlier spray technology. Applying opposite electrostatic charging to the paint and the receptor body ensures good adhesion […]

FWD, RWD and AWD in EVs

For most small and medium hatchbacks and SUVs, front-wheel drive (FWD) has long been the norm, yet many new dedicated all-electric cars are seemingly reverting back to the classic rear-drive layout. New EV models created as purely electric cars from the outset, like the BMW i3, the Tesla Model 3, the Hyundai Ioniq 5, and […]

Autonomous Driving: Automated Lane Keeping Systems – First Steps

The Department of Transport announced in April this year that “Motorists could see self-driving vehicles on British roads for the first time later this year.” This involves a limited definition of self-driving, in that vehicles fitted with Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) can, with suitable type approval, be legally defined as self-driving. The proposals are […]

The solid-state electric vehicle battery

Current lithium-ion (Li-ion) electric vehicle battery technology and production is continually being refined, and has progressively reduced battery costs over recent years, but rising raw material costs now threaten that progress. Projections of data showing falling Li-ion battery costs over a decade are being made when there’s no certainty of past performance being replicated. With […]